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2015年3月 第15卷 第1期《41180000云顶集团学报》

作者: 时间:2015-06-19 点击数:

41180000云顶集团学报 No.1 Vol.15 2015年第1期(总第70期)

目次

【工程技术研究与应用】

几种碱改性ACF电极材料对电容性吸附处理RO浓水氨氮及其动力学研究 张国科,张国珍,慕娅婷,刘萌 (1)

低渗透油藏注CO2井井口注气参数计算新模型 李必智(6)

SO42-/TiO2-La2O3催化合成耐寒增塑剂癸二酸二正己酯 陈淑芬,李薇,甘黎明,颉林,王安琪 (11)

葡萄糖为碳源包覆碳对LiFePO4性能的影响 王守伟,王兵,苏雪花(14)

提高原油密度测定准确度改进措施 段琰玲 (17)

哈浅6井储层保护钻井液的研究与应用 仇博识,王刚 (20)

水窖底泥中氨氮释放动力学模拟 慕娅婷,张国珍,张国科,马可,王梦茹 (23)

RFCCU烟机密封放空堵塞原因及处理 王愿祥 (27)

30万千瓦发电机组铝外罩氩弧焊工艺 贾宁(30)

Jess反向链推理机理及诊断专家系统开发模式研究 陈宏希 (32)

公共自行车服务系统评价模型 杜吉梁,张克功,赵贵荣,刘晨亮(35)

单层厂房设计中的平面排架计算 马晓琴(39)

【职业技术教育研究与管理】

甘肃省高校创业教育现状调查研究 兰炜(43)

基于利益关系者理论的高职院校关系营销策略探析 胡旭东(46)

高职生命化主题实践活动与班主任的角色要求 张和新 (49)

建构主义视角下创新高职学生管理策略 史晓庆,张雪莉 (52)

【教学研究与改革】

以PLC控制技术为核心,创新机电专业实训体系的研究与实践 童克波,傅继军,杨柳春(56)

高职工业水处理技术专业人才培养方案的探索和实践 尚秀丽,索陇宁,夏德强,苏宏光,杨汝婷(60)

多元智能理论视角下的大学英语教学 汪洋 (63)

英语写作教学方法与写作水平的交互作用 王秀英 (66)

【人文社会科学研究】

中国特色社会主义理论体系探析 方龄萱(71)

高职院校从“数量”增长到“质量”提升的思考 方志宏(75)

【综合论坛】

A Comparative Analysis of Three Translation Versions of Dou E Yuan Xing Xiao-yan (78)

ONTENTS

The Study of Ammonia Nitrogen Removal Efficiency and Kinetics of Some Alkali Carbon Fibers for Capacitive Deionization of Reverse Osmosis Concentrate ZHANG Guo-ke, ZHANG Guo-zhen, MU Ya-ting, LIU Meng(1)

A New Calculation Model of Low Permeability Reservoir CO2Wells Wellhead Gas Injection ParametersLI Bi-zhi(6)

Synthesis of the Cold-resistant Plasticizer Dihexyl Adipate by SO42-/TiO2-La2O3 CHEN Shu-fen, LI Wei, GAN Li-ming, XIE Lin, WANG An-qi(11)

The Impact of Glucose as Carbon Source on the Performance of LiFePO4 WANG Shou-wei, WANG Bing, SU Xue-hua(14)

Improvement Measures to Increase Crude Oil Density Measurement DUAN Yan-ling(17)

Study and Application of reservoir protection drilling fluid in Haqian 6th well QIU Bo-shi, WANG Gang(20)

Kinetics Simulation of Ammonia Nitrogen Release in Cistern Sediment MU Ya-ting, ZHANG Guo-zhen, ZHANG Guo-ke, MA Ke, WANG Meng-ru(23)

Analysis of Cause and Management of Seal Vent Plug Blocking of RFCCU Flue Gas Turbine WANG Yuan-xiang(27)

The Argon Arc Welding Technology of Aluminum Outer Cover of 300,000 Kilowatt Generator Set JIA Ning(30)

Research on Mechanism of Jess Backward Chaining Inference and Development Mode of Diagnostic Expert System CHEN Hong-xi(32)

Public Bicycle Service System Evaluation Model DU Ji-liang, ZHANG Ke-gong, ZHAO Gui-rong, LIU Chen-liang(35)

Calculation of Flat Framed Bent in Single-story Workshop Design MA Xiao-qin(39)

Study on Present Situation of Entrepreneurship Education in Colleges in Gansu Province LAN Wei(43)

Analysis on Relationship Marketing Strategy of Vocational Colleges Based on the Stakeholder Theory HU Xu-dong(46)

The Practical Activities on the Theme of Life and Requirements for Headmasters ZHANG He-xin(49)

Construction of the Students Management Strategies in Vocational Colleges SHI Xiao-qing, ZHANG Xue-li(52)

Research and Practice of Engineering Training System Innovation Taking PLC Control Technology as Core TONG Ke-bo, FU Ji-jun, YANG Liu-chun(56)

Exploration and Practice of the Talents Cultivation Scheme in the Major of Industrial Water Treatment Technology in Vocational Colleges SHANG Xiu-li, SUO Long-ning, XIA De-qiang, SU Hong-guang, YANG Ru-ting(60)

College English Teaching from the Perspective of Multiple Intelligence Theory WANG Yang(63)

The Interaction between English Writing Teaching Methods and Writing Ability WANG Xiu-ying(66)

Probe into Theoretical System of Socialist Theory with Chinese Characteristics FANG Xuan-ling(71)

Reflection on Promotion from Quantity to Quality of Vocational College FANG Zhi-hong(75)

A Comparative Analysis of Three Translation Versions of Dou E Yuan XING Xiao-yan(78)

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)01-0001-05

几种碱改性ACF电极材料对电容性吸附处理RO浓水氨氮及其动力学研究

张国科,张国珍,慕娅婷,刘萌

(兰州交通 大学环境与市政工程学院,甘肃 兰州 730070)

摘要:实验选用NaOH、KOH及氨水为电容性吸附电极材料活性碳纤维ACF的改性剂,通过比较原材料与几种改性材料去除盐分和氨氮效果,研究其电容性吸附氨氮动力学过程,实验结果表明:改性ACF相比未改性活性碳纤维电容性吸附污染物质发生变化,其中氨氮改性后ACF在盐分和氨氮去除上都表现出优越性,ACF-NH3除盐平均去除率达到9.69%,高于ACF- unmodified5.29%,氨氮平均去除率达到41.80%,高于改性前的27.33%;NaOH和KOH改性ACF在氨氮去除上均低于改性前,但其平均除盐率分别为6.53%、6.64%高于改性前;准一级、二级和Elovich经典动力学模拟其氨氮吸附动力学表明准一级和二级动力学具有更高的R2但其qe值误差较大,相比Elovich则能反应出其吸附趋势;另外,通过高斯多项式模拟结果和趋势均较经典动力学符合其吸附过程,R2均大于0.9557,一定程度上可以借鉴使用。

关键词:活性碳纤维(ACF);电容性吸附;动力学

中图分类号:T533 文献标识码:A

收稿日期: 2014-11-07

基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51068014);长江学者和创新团队发展计划资助项目(IRT0966);国家软科学研究计划项目(2010GXS5D265);甘肃省建设厅科技攻关项目(JK2010-26)

作者简介:张国科(1991- ),男,甘肃靖远人,硕士生.

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The Study of Ammonia Nitrogen Removal Efficiency and Kinetics of Some Alkali Carbon Fibers for Capacitive Deionization of Reverse Osmosis Concentrate

ZHANG Guo-ke, ZHANG Guo-zhen, MU Ya-ting, LIU Meng

(School of Environmental and Municipal Engineering,Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou 730070, China)

Abstract:The experiment selected NaOH, KOH and ammonia as modifiers of the capacitive deionization material, activated carbon fibers (ACF), compared these modified ACF with the original and researched each salt content as well as ammonia nitrogen removal efficiency to study the capacitive deionization kinetics process. It showed that, modified ACF has some changes on capacitive deionization rather than the rural materials, and ACF modified by the ammonia has excellent change in capacitive deionization contaminants, ACF-NH3salt content average removal efficiency reached 9.69%, which is higher than 5.29% of ACF-unmodified, and ammonia nitrogen removal efficiency has reached 41.80%, much higher than the original 27.33%; ACF modified by NaOH and KOH has lower ammonia nitrogen removal efficiency than unmodified materials, but the salt content average removal efficiencies are 6.53% and 6.64%, which is higher than the rural ones; the first and second order kinetics and Elovich kinetics in the ammonia nitrogen capacitive deionization process showed that the kinetics have a higher R2 as well as bigger error in the balance adsorption, but Elovich kinetics reflects good adsorption tend; otherwise, compared with classical kinetics ,the Gaussian function fitting result and its tend are more coincidental and R2 is bigger than 0.9557, which could be used for reference.

Key wordsactivated carbon fibers(ACF); capacitive deionization; kinetics

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)01-0006-05

低渗透油藏注CO2井井口注气参数计算新模型

李必智

(西安石油大学 石油工程学院,陕西 西安 710065)

摘要:为了便于优化注CO2井的注入工艺参数,提高注气驱替效果,在考虑井筒管流和地层渗流两个流动过程相互耦合的基础上,根据垂直管流理论、传热学理论和多孔介质渗流理论,通过计算注CO2井筒压力温度分布和CO2在地层中的渗流规律,建立了注CO2井井口注气参数计算模型。对整个注气系统,选取井底作为求解点,应用节点分析方法对地层渗透率、地层压力、地层启动压力梯度与井口注气参数之间的关系进行了进行敏感性分析。通过研究得到了注气量随井口注气压力的变化规律,以及油藏渗透率、地层压力和启动压力梯度对井口注气参数的影响规律。建立的CO2井注气参数计算模型可为注CO2系统编制配注方案、选择注气设备等工作提供参考。

关键词:注二氧化碳井;启动压力梯度;地层吸气能力;节点分析;井口注气参数

中图分类号:TE355.3 文献标识码:A

收稿日期:2014-12-03

基金项目:中国石油科技创新基金研究项目(2008D-5006-02-07)

作者简介:李必智(1988- ),男.,宁夏银川人,硕士生.

参考文献:

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A New Calculation Model of Low Permeability Reservoir CO2Wells Wellhead Gas Injection Parameters

LI Bi-zhi

(College of Petroleum Engineering, Xi’an Petroleum University, Xi’an 710065, China)

Abstract:In order to optimize the CO2injection well process parameters and improve gas injection displacement effect, the test calculates CO2injection well bore temperature and CO2pressure distribution in the formation and established parameters calculation model of CO2well gas injection, based on vertical tube theory, heat transfer theory and seepage theory. In the whole gas injection system, the test selects the bottom hole as the solution, and performs sensitivity analysis on the in-place permeability, formation pressure, the relation between starting pressure gradient and wellhead gas injection parameters. Through the research, the change law of gas injection amount with the wellhead gas pressure, and the influence rule of reservoir permeability, formation pressure and starting pressure gradient on the wellhead gas injection parameters. Parameters calculation model of CO2well gas injection can provide reference for gas injection equipment such as injection scheme and CO2choosing system.

Keywords:carbon dioxide injection well; starting pressure gradient; stratigraphic inspiratory capacity; Node analysis; wellhead gas injection parameters

文章编号:1671-4067(2014)03-0011-03

SO42-/TiO2-La2O3催化合成耐寒增塑剂癸二酸二正己酯

陈淑芬,李薇,甘黎明,颉林,王安琪

(41180000云顶集团 石油化学工程系 ,甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:合成固体超强酸催化剂SO42-/TiO2-La2O3,并用于合成癸二酸二正己酯。结果表明,500 ℃焙烧3h所得催化剂活性最好;采用正交实验法对影响酯化反应的因素进行考察,最优工艺条件:n(酸)∶n(醇)=1∶3.0,催化剂用量1.3%(总物料),反应时间2.5h,最高酯化率为98.5%。且该催化剂具有良好的重复使用和再生能力。

关键词:SO42-/TiO2-La2O3; 癸二酸二正己酯; 催化; 酯化

中图分类号: O623.42 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2014-12-13

基金项目:甘肃省科学技术厅攻关项目(2GS035-A52-008-04);甘肃省教育厅科研资助项目(0414-05)

作者简介:陈淑芬(1964- ),女,宁夏银川人,教授.

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Synthesis of the Cold-resistant Plasticizer Dihexyl Adipate by SO42-/TiO2-La2O3

CHEN Shu-fen, LI Wei, GAN Li-ming, XIE Lin, WANG An-qi

(Petrochemical Department, Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:The test synthesizes solid super-acid catalyst SO42-/TiO2-La2O3and uses it to synthesize sebacic acid 1-hexanol. It is shown that the highest catalyst activity is exhibited under the conditions of calcinations at 500 ℃ for 3 hours. The influence factors of esterification reflection have been investigated by experiment. The best condition is that n (alcohol)∶n (acid) is 3.0∶1, and the reaction time is 2.5 hours, then the catalyst amount would be 1.3% (the total mass of reactants) and the highest esterification rate is about 98.5%. Also the catalyst has the capacity of being reused and regenerated.

Keywords:SO42-/TiO2-La2O3; Dihexyl adipate; catalysis; esterification

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)01-0014-03

葡萄糖为碳源包覆碳对LiFePO4性能的影响

王守伟1,王兵2,苏雪花1

(1.41180000云顶集团 石油化学工程系,甘肃 兰州730060;2.中国石油抚顺石化公司,辽宁 抚顺 113001)

摘要:当前锂离子电池的的普遍应用,使人们对锂离子电池的正极材料非常关注,而磷酸亚铁锂作为正极材料有很多优点如无毒性,对环境友好,原材料来源丰富,比容量高,循环性能好等,但电子导电率较低和锂离子迁移速率较低的缺点,成为其商业化的难题之一。以葡萄糖为C源对材料进行掺杂及包覆,用XRD、恒流充放电研究了材料的结构和电化学性能。结果表明包覆后的材料的橄榄石型晶体结构不会变化,并且电化学性能有明显的提高。

关键词:磷酸亚铁锂;正极材料;葡萄糖碳源;碳包覆

中图分类号:TM911 文献标识码:A

收稿日期: 2014-10-22

基金项目:甘肃省高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(甘财教[2012]129号);兰州市研政产合作项目(兰财建[2012]151号(2012-2-98));甘科技支撑计划项目(144GKCA035)

作者简介:王守伟(1985-),男,甘肃兰州人,助教,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]陈亦可.锂离子蓄电池正极材料LiFePO4的研究进展[J]. 电池,2003,27 (3):487-490.

[2]刘恒,孙红刚,周大利,等. 改进的固相法制备磷酸铁锂电池材料[J]. 四川大学学报,2004 ,36 (4):74-77.

[3] Wang D Y,Li H,et a1.Improving the rate performance of LiFePO4by Fe-site doping[J]. Electrochem Acta,2005,50(14):2955.

[4]章明,焦丽芳,袁华堂,等.MoO3氧化物掺杂改善LiFePO4/乙炔黑电化学性能研究[J]. 无机化学学报,2006,5(22):839-844.

[5] 罗绍华,唐子龙,卢俊彪,等.稀土镧掺杂LiFePO4正极材料的物理与电化学性能研究[J]. 稀有金属材料与工程,2007,36(8):1366-1368.

[6]Michael C Tucker, Marca M Doeff, Thomas J Richardson, et al 7Li and 31P magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance of LiFePO4-type materials[J]. Electrochemical and solid-state letters, 2007,5(5):95-98.

[7]孙悦,乔庆东.合成草酸亚铁的反应时间对组成的影响J].辽宁石油化工大学学报,2005,25(4):1-4.

The Impact of Glucose as Carbon Source on the Performance of LiFePO4

WANG Shou-wei1, WANG Bing2, SU Xue-hua1

(1.Petrochemical Department, Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou 730060, China ;2. Fushun Petrochemical Company, Fushun 113001, China)

Abstract:Wide application of lithium ion battery makes people pay more attention to cathode material of lithium-ion batteries. Lithium iron phosphate as the cathode material has many advantages such as non-toxic ability, environmental friendliness, abundant raw materials sources, high specific capacity, good cycle performance, but there is a disadvantage of low electronic conductivity, which is also a problem in conducting it commercially. To improve the behavior of olivine LiFePO4, glucose is used as carbon source coating. The results maintain the structure of olive-type phase and the electrochemical performance is greatly improved.

Key words:Lithium iron phosphate; cathode materials; carbon source; carbon coating

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)01-0017-03

提高原油密度测定准确度改进措施

段琰玲

(兰州石化公司 质检部,甘肃 兰州730060)

摘要:阐述了准确测定原油密度测定的重要性,分别考察了采样环节的管道采样和立式罐采样,做样过程中的水分含量、加热时间、测定温度等所产生的影响因素,并提出相应改进措施。

关键词:密度测定;水分;取样;加热;温度

中图分类号:TE622.5 文献标识码:A

收稿日期: 2014-12-03

作者简介:段琰玲(1982- ),女,甘肃武威人,技术员.

参考文献:

[1]王宝仁 孙乃有.石油产品分析[M].北京:化学工业出版社,2004.

[2]郑亦敏.油品化验[M].上海:学林出版社,2001.

[3]GB/T 1884-2000原油和液体石油产品密度实验室测定法[S].

[4]GB/T 4756—1998 石油液体手工取样法[S].

Improvement Measures to Increase Crude Oil Density Measurement

DUAN Yan-ling

(Quality Inspection Department, Lanzhou Petrochemical Company, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:This paper illustrates the significance of crude oil density measurement, investigates the pipeline samples and vertical tank samples as well as the factors like moisture content, duration of heat and temperature. Finally, it puts forward some improvement measures.

Key words:moisture; samples; heating; temperature

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)01-0020-03

哈浅6井储层保护钻井液的研究与应用

仇博识,王刚

(中石化胜利石油工程有限公司 钻井工程技术公司,山东 东营 257064)

摘要:针对准噶尔盆地西部隆起乌夏断裂带哈山南缘斜坡带哈浅6井预探井,该井上部地层易发生井漏;八道湾组煤层已发生井塌;三开石炭系孔隙及裂缝发育,已发生井漏及井塌的实际状况,通过使用聚合物非渗透钻井液体系和强抑制成膜钻井液体系,配合现场钻井液维护处理工艺,实现顺利钻至目的层。

关键词:哈浅6井;井漏;井塌;非渗透钻井液;强抑制成膜钻井液

中图分类号:TE254 文献标识码: A

收稿日期:2014-11-12

作者简介:仇博识(1986-),男,山东兖州人,助理工程师.

参考文献:

[1]张蔚. 北布扎齐油田浅层小井眼短半径开窗侧钻水平井钻井液完井液技术[J]. 新疆石油科技, 2010, 20(1): 24-26.

[2]王立泉,庞维华,胡景东,等. 华北油田浅层气井钻井液技术[J]. 钻井液与完井液. 2008,25(4):56-58.

[3]李涛,张守文,吕兆龙. 浅层大位移水平井金平1井钻井液工艺技术[J]. 中国石油大学胜利学院学报, 2010, 24(3): 9-11.

[4] 张启根,陈馥,等.国外高性能水基钻井液技术发展现状[J]. 钻井液与完井液,2007,24(3):74-77.

[5]周晓宇,赵景原,熊开俊. 胺基聚醇钻井液在巴喀地区的现场试验[J]. 石油钻采工艺,2011,33(6):33-36.

[6]张瑜,张国,徐江,等. 新型聚胺钻井液在都护4井泥岩段的应用[J]. 石油钻探技术,2012,40(6):33-37.

[7]左兴凯. 非渗透钻井完井液体系的研究与应用[J]. 石油钻探技术, 2008,36(4): 41-44.

Study and Application of reservoir protection drilling fluid in Haqian 6th well

QIU Bo-shi, WANG Gang

(Drilling Engineering Company, Shengli Petrochemical Company, Dongying 257064, China)

Abstract:Haqian 6th well is located in the southern slope of Wuxia fault belt in Junggar basin. An investigation of the well shows that the upper stratum tends to have leakage and Badaowan coal seam has had collapse. It is suggested that polymer non-invasive drilling fluid and compulsive membrane drilling fluid can be suited to drilling fluid maintenance and treatment techniques, eventually completing the drilling task.

Key words:Haqian 6th well; leakage; collapse; non-invasive drilling fluid; compulsive membrane drilling fluid

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)01-0023-04

水窖底泥中氨氮释放动力学模拟

慕娅婷,张国珍,张国科,马可,王梦茹

(兰州交通大学 环境与市政工程学院,甘肃 兰州 730070)

摘要:在不同温度和振荡速度的影响下,水窖底泥中氨氮解吸至上覆水中,会对上覆水造成影响。通过实验分析并探讨了温度和振荡速度对水窖底泥中氨氮释放的影响并进行动力学模拟。实验结果表明:温度和振荡速度增大能够促进水窖底泥中氨氮释放,且氨氮解吸平衡浓度增大;通过准一级动力学方程和准二级动力学方程拟合,两种动力学方程对氨氮释放过程的拟合效果较为接近,且温度影响下两种动力学拟合效果较振荡速度影响好一些(不同温度下其氨氮释放动力学拟合R2在0.91~0.97,而振荡速度R20.72~0.94);因此,窖水的水质可能受到上述因素的影响。实验结果可为窖水水质维护,窖水水质处理等提供理论依据。

关键词:水窖底泥;氨氮;温度;振荡速度;动力学模拟

中图分类号: X524 文献标识码: A

收稿日期:2015-01-11

基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51068014);长江学者和创新团队发展计划资助项目(IRT0966)

作者简介:慕娅婷(1991- ),女,甘肃庆阳人,硕士生.

参考文献:

[1]杨瑞强,朱琨,等.窖水的水质分析及水质特点[J].甘肃环境研究与监测, 2001,14(2):70-71.

[2]谢薇,秦克丽,丁昆仑,等.不同集雨面及水窖形式下的窖水水质分析[J].灌溉排水学报,2011,30(1):11-14.

[3]邓述波,余刚.环境吸附材料及应用原理[M].北京:科学出版社,2012.

[4]孙大志,等.氨氮在土壤中的吸附/解吸动力学行为的研究[J].环境科学与技术,2007,30(8):16-19.

[5]马宁,王宇,史春梅,等.氨氮在底泥中的吸附-解吸行为研究进展[J]. 现代农业科技,2010,24(8):273-274.

[6]朱健,李捍东,王平等.环境因子对底泥释放COD、TN和TP的影响研究[J]. 水处理技术,2009,35(8):44-49.

[7]李彬,张坤,钟宝昌,等.底泥污染物释放水动力特性实验研究[J]. 水动力学研究与进展,2008,23(2):126-133.

Kinetics Simulation of Ammonia Nitrogen Release in Cistern Sediment

MU Ya-ting, ZHANG Guo-zhen, ZHANG Guo-ke, MA Ke, WANG Meng-ru

(School of Environmental and Municipal Engineering, Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou 730070, China)

Abstract:In different conditions of the temperature and disturbance degree (concussion rate), ammonia nitrogen in cistern sediment are easy to release to the overlying water and influence the quality of water. The test analyzes and discusses the influences of the temperature and disturbance degree on the ammonia nitrogen release and then makes the kinetic simulation. The results of experiment showed that higher temperature and disturbance degree could promote ammonia nitrogen release in cistern sediment and increase the concentration; Combining first and second order kinetics simulation shows that the two simulation effects are approximate, and temperature factor has a better fitting effect than the disturbance degree (the ammonia and nitrogen kinetic fitting R2 is 0.91~0.97, while disturbance degrees R2 is 0.72~0.94 at different temperatures); the cistern water quality can be affected by the above factors. Furthermore, the experiment result can be used in cistern water maintenance and treatment.

Key words:cistern sediment; ammonia nitrogen; temperature; disturbance; kinetic fitting

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)01-0027-03

RFCCU烟机密封放空堵塞原因及处理

王愿祥

(中石油云南石化有限公司 生产一部,云南 昆明 650300)

摘要:针对某RFCC装置烟气轮机密封放空管线堵塞情况,分析了造成堵塞的原因,认为是密封放空管线结构设计、安装配管不合理、机组维护管理工作缺失及工艺操作平稳性差等,是导致密封放空管线堵塞的主要原因。经采取优化措施后,该密封放空管线再未出现堵塞,运行正常。

关键词:RFCCU;蜂窝密封;放空堵塞;原因

中图分类号: TH43 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2011-08-15

作者简介:王愿祥(1986- ),男,云南大理人,助理工程师.

参考文献:

[1]马伯文. 催化烟机主风机技术问答[ M].北京:中国石化出版社,2003.

[2]王群,许峰,等 . 催化裂化装置技术问答[M].北京:中国石化出版社,2007.

[3]兰炼机械厂烟机说明书[Z].2010.

[4]中国石油炼油与销售分公司.烟气轮机长周期运行管理技术导则(试行) [Z].2006.

[5]殷宝 . 催化裂化装置操作工[M].北京:中国石化出版社,2012.

[6]张杨 . 催化裂化装置应急知识问答[M].北京:中国石化出版社,2012.

[7]张忠海 . 3Mt/a催化裂化装置长周期运行对策[J].炼油技术与工程,2013,43(1):23-27.

Analysis of Cause and Management of Seal Vent Plug Blocking of RFCCU Flue Gas Turbine

WANG Yuan-xiang

(Yunnan Petrochemical Company, Kunming 650300, China)

Abstract:This paper introduces seal pipeline blocking in flue gas turbine RFCC device, analyzes the reasons like the shortcoming in seal vent pipeline structure design, unreasonable installation of piping, inadequate maintenance and management work as well as poor process operation stability. Taking optimizing measures ensures the normal operation of seal vent.

Key words:RFCCU; honeycomb seal; vent blocking; cause

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)01-0030-02

30万千瓦发电机组铝外罩氩弧焊工艺

贾宁

(41180000云顶集团 机械工程系,甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:30千瓦电动机外罩要求具有一定的强度与较高的电导率。针对其1A85纯铝材质,分析了化学成分及其焊接性,制定了手工氩弧焊焊接工艺。焊后结果表明,该焊接工艺切实可行,焊接质量稳定可靠,能够满足该设备实际工况运行的要求。

关键词:1A85;焊接性;氩弧焊;焊接工艺

中图分类号: TG444 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2014-12-03

作者简介:贾宁(1981- ),男,甘肃白银人,讲师.

参考文献:

[1]庞梁.铝合金交流TIG焊接工艺研究[J].内蒙古石油化工,2009,(07):27-29.

[2]牛济泰,马健,孙国林.铝及铝合金氩弧焊时的气孔[J]. 焊接,1984,(5):1-4.

[3]罗春信.铝合金焊接缺陷的产生及防止[J]. 电焊机,1993,(03): 40-42

[4]张立国.铝合金焊接工艺的应用[J]. 焊接技术,2012,(04): 65-66

[5]阚德新,李大增.管状铝母线全位置手工钨极氩弧焊[J].焊接,1983,(11):23-24.

The Argon Arc Welding Technology of Aluminum Outer Cover of 300,000 Kilowatt Generator Set

JIA Ning

(Mechanical Engineering Department, Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:The outer cover of 300,000 kilowatt generator set requires intensity and comparatively higher conductivity. It is suggested to apply the argon arc welding technology for 1A85 aluminum material and its chemical components. It turns out that this welding technology is suited to ensure the stability and reliability as well as the operation of the set.

Key words:1A85; weld ability; argon arc welding; welding technology

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)01-0032-03

Jess反向链推理机理及诊断专家系统开发模式研究

陈宏希

(41180000云顶集团 电子电气工程系,甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:针对Jess基于规则的反向链推理,具体研究其实现反向链推理的机理,给出了Jess中反向链推理的声明和回溯规则建立的具体方法,并为使用反向链推理的问答式诊断专家系统提供设计开发的一般模式,为该模式专家系统的具体开发实现提供借鉴和参考。

关键词:Jess;反向链推理;诊断;专家系统

中图分类号: TP312 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2014-11-28

基金项目:2010年度甘肃省属高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(甘财教[2010]176)

作者简介:陈宏希(1970-),男,陕西岐山人,副教授,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]Joseph C. Giarratano, Gary D. Riley著,陈忆群,刘星成译.专家系统原理与编程[M].北京:机械工业出版社,2006.

[2]陈健.采用JESS 开发专家系统的研究与应用[D].内蒙古:内蒙古科技大学,2010.

[3]ERNEST FRIEDMAN-HILL. Jess in Action Rule-Based Systems in Java[M]. Greenwich :Manning Publications Co,2003.

[4]ERNEST FRIEDMAN-HILL .Jess The Rule Engineer for the Java Platform.Version7.1p2[M].Sandia National Laboratories,2008.

[5]丁鼎,张帆,赵斌.基于Jess的智能诊断系统的设计与实现[J]. 计算机与现代化,2009,(12):189-192.

Research on Mechanism of Jess Backward Chaining Inference and Development Mode of Diagnostic Expert System

CHEN Hong-xi

(Department of Electric & Electronic Engineering, Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:This paper studies the mechanism of backward chaining inference based on Jess rules and puts forward the declaration of backward chaining inference and the methods of establishing recalling rules. Moreover, it comes up with the basic development mode of diagnostic expert system, executing the question and answer mode, and this model can be used as a reference for developing the real expert system.

Key words:Jess; backward chaining inference; diagnose; expert system

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)01-0035-04

公共自行车服务系统评价模型

杜吉梁1,张克功1,赵贵荣2,刘晨亮3

(1.41180000云顶集团 信息处理与控制工程系,甘肃 兰州 730060;2. 甘肃银光聚银化工有限公司 ,甘肃 白银 730090;3.中国石油兰州石化公司 动力厂, 甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:利用浙江省温州市鹿城区公共自行车管理中心提供的共20天借车和还车的原始数据,从统计角度定义了公共自行车服务系统中两站点之间的距离,给出了计算两站点之间距离的算法。建立了基于站点优化率及锁桩配置合理程度的自行车服务系统评价模型,并利用该模型对公共自行车服务系统进行评价和优化。

关键词:公共自行车服务系统;评价模型;站点优化;锁桩配置

中图分类号: U491.225 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2014-08-14

基金项目:甘肃省教育厅科研基金资助项目(1015B-7)

作者简介:杜吉梁(1982- ),男,甘肃山丹人,讲师,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]戴菲,刘婕,胡剑双. 全国第一个设立免费公共自

行车系统的城市_武汉市公共自行车系统研究[J]. 建设科技, 2010,(09):42-46.

[2]冯建喜,马汀·戴斯特,扬·普瑞尔维茨.荷兰自行车交通的历史演进及规划设计[J].国际城市规划, 2013,(6):56-58.

[3]吕晶.绿色慢行交通系统的城市设计方法研究[D].天津:天津大学,2010.

[4]2013年9月10日温州市鹿城区公共自行车服务系统站点实时数据[EB/OL].http://www.wzbicycle.com.

[5]张韵华.符号计算系统Mathematica教程[M].北京:科学出版社,2001.

[6]叶丽霞. 城市公共自行车调度系统研究[D]. 南京:南京理工大学,2013.

[7]吴凯峰. 杭州市公共自行车系统发展现状及其对策研究[J]. 交通科技, 2013,(02):154-157.

Public Bicycle Service System Evaluation Model

DU Ji-liang1, ZHANG Ke-gong1, ZHAO Gui-rong2, LIU Chen-liang3

(1.Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou 730060, China;2. Yinguang Juyin Chemical Company, Baiyin 730090, China;3. Lanzhou Petrochemical Company, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:In this paper, we use 20 days’ original data from Public Bicycle Management Center of Lucheng District, Wenzhou City, Zhejiang Province to define the statistical distance between two sites, and offer the calculation algorithms of distance between two sites. This paper establishes an evaluation model of bicycle service system, which is based on reasonable site optimization rate and lock pile. Moreover, this paper uses the model in evaluating and optimizing public bicycle service system

Key words:public bicycle service system; evaluation model; site optimization; lock pile configuration

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)01-0039-04

单层厂房设计中的平面排架计算

马晓琴

(金川镍钴研究设计院 ,甘肃 金昌 737102)

摘要:单层厂房排架结构实际上是一空间结构体系,为设计计算方便,一般按纵横两个方向作为平面排架来分析,即假定各个横向(纵向)平面排架单独工作。通过单层厂房设计实例,阐述平面排架确定计算简图荷载计算、柱截面的内力分析和内力组合的计算过程,从而为此类结构的设计与计算提供借鉴。

关键词:单层厂房;排架;内力;荷载

中图分类号: TU27 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2014-12-05

作者简介:马晓琴(1982-),女,甘肃金昌人,结构工程师.

参考文献:

[1]中国有色工程有限公司混凝土结构构造手册(第四版)[M].北京:中国建筑工业出版社,2012

[2]中华人民共和国住房和城乡建设部.GB50010-2010混凝土结构设计规范[S]

[3]中华人民共和国住房和城乡建设部.GB50009-2012建筑结构荷载规范[S]

Calculation of Flat Framed Bent in Single-story Workshop Design

MA Xiao-qin

(Jinchuan Ni-Co designing institute, Jinchang 737102, China)

Abstract:Single-story workshop structure is actually a space structure. Generally, it is divided into two aspects, vertically and horizontally, which makes it easy to calculate. This paper illustrates the deciding process of schematic diagram, loading capacity as well as the computational process of internal force analysis and internal force, which can be reference to similar structure calculation.

Key words:single-story workshop; framed bent; internal force; loading capacity

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)01-0043-03

甘肃省高校创业教育现状调查研究

兰炜

(41180000云顶集团 人文社会科学系, 甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:通过对94名甘肃省高校教师对高校创业教育课程开展情况和存在问题、创业教育形式、创业教育活动类型和创业教育关注重点进行调查,了解各类院校间的差异和具体存在问题,并对甘肃省高校的创业教育在课程设置、教师团队、实践环节和学生培养四个方面提出建议。

关键词:甘肃省;大学生;创业教育

中图分类号: G473.8 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2014-08-15

基金项目:2010年度甘肃省教育厅科研项目(1015-01)

作者简介:兰炜(1972-),男,甘肃天水人,教授,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]赵书玲,董跃华.我国大学生创业教育的现在问题及对策研究[J].江西理工大学学报,2010,31(2):80-84.

[2]杨莉,武汉市大学生创业状况调查研究[J].武汉工程大学学报,2009.31(2):67-71.

[3]杨艳萍.创业学[M]长沙:湖南大学出版社,2004.

[4]赵金华.打造创业教育”循环圈”,提升大学生就业能力[J].创新与创业教育,2010,(1):57.

[5]李群如.大学生创新创业教育路径的探索与实践[J].人力资源管理,2011,(6):54.

[6]周卫民.给创业多一些孵化土壤[J].成才与就业,2006,(8):72.

[7]木志荣.创业困境及胜任力研究—基于大学生创业群体的考察[J].厦门大学学报(哲学社会科学版),2008,(1):114-120.

Study on Present Situation of Entrepreneurship Education in Colleges

in Gansu Province

LAN Wei

(Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:This paper investigates the conduct, forms, types and focuses of entrepreneurship education class performed by 94 teachers in colleges in Gansu Province. It shows the differences among colleges and problems, and it comes up with suggestions about curriculum provision, teaching team, practical training and students’ development.

Key words:Gansu Province; college students; entrepreneurship education

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)01-0046-03

基于利益关系者理论的高职院校关系营销策略探析

胡旭东

(41180000云顶集团 人文社会科学系,甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:应用利益关系者理论拓展了关系营销的内涵,分析了高职院校的主要利益关系者,结合非盈利性组织营销的特点,制定了高职院校关系营销策略。

关键词:高职院校;利益关系者;关系营销

中图分类号: G719.2 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2014-04-22

作者简介:胡旭东(1982- ),男,甘肃陇西人,讲师,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]菲利普·科特勒,凯文·莱恩·凯勒著,王永贵等译.营销管理[M].上海:格致出版社,2009.

[2]方索琴.从市场营销角度看大学生就业[J].当代经理人,2006,(21):32-35.

[3]张刚刚.关系营销与高校可持续发展[J].理论月刊,2008,(9):127-129.

[4]马希才.借鉴关系营销理论 推进高职院校校企合作\[J\].辽宁高职学报,2008,10(4):58-60.

[5]凌振春.关系营销视角下的高校管理[J].扬州大学学报(高教研究版),2006,10(1):14-17.

[6]冯华亚.论关系营销理论在高校教学中的应用[J].辽宁省交通高等专科学校学报,2005,7(3):97-99.

[7]许成文,张明勇,牟志平.论我国高校管理中关系营销策略研究[J].石家庄铁道职业技术学院学报,2009,8(1):93-96.

Analysis on Relationship Marketing Strategy of Vocational Colleges

Based on the Stakeholder Theory

HU Xu-dong

(LanZhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:This paper uses the stakeholder theory to expand the connotation of relationship marketing and analyzes the main stakeholders in vocational colleges. It develops the relationship marketing strategies in vocational colleges, in accordance with the characteristics of the non-profit organization marketing.

Key words:vocational colleges; stakeholder; relationship marketing

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)01-0049-03

高职生命化主题实践活动与班主任的角色要求

张和新

(阜宁高等师范学校 初教系,江苏 盐城 224000)

摘要:生命化主题实践活动是生命化校园创建的重要组成部分。班主任在生命化主题实践活动中扮演着重要的角色,同时,在生命化教育视域下的主题实践活动中,对高职班主任具备的相应素养提出了相应要求。

关键词:生命化教育;主题实践活动;高职班主任

中图分类号:G719.21 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2014-10-07

基金项目:江苏省职业技术教育学会职业教育立项课题(2013029);江苏省职业教育教学改革研究立项课题(2013(ZYB189))

作者简介:张和新(1977- ),男,河北滦县人,讲师,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]李永梅.教师角色与行为艺术[M].长春:东北师范大学出版社,2010.

[2]朱小蔓.情感德育论[M].北京:人民教育出版社,2005.

[3]叶澜,等.教师角色与教师发展新探[M].北京:教育科学出版社,2001.

The Practical Activities on the Theme of Life and Requirements for Headmasters

ZHANG He-xin

(Funing Teachers’ college, Yancheng 224000, China)

Abstract:Practical activities on the theme of life are important parts in the construction of life campus. The headmaster plays an even important role in practical activities on the theme of life. At the same time, from the perspective of the theme of practical activities in life education, the corresponding literacy requirements for headmasters in vocational school have also improved.

Key words:life education; theme practical activities; vocational college headmasters

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)01-0052-04

建构主义视角下创新高职学生管理策略

史晓庆1,2,张雪莉2

(1. 41180000云顶集团 石油化学工程系,甘肃 兰州 730060;2.西北师范大学 教育技术学院,甘肃 兰州 730050)

摘要:建构主义带来的各项挑战,使得高职院校不得不改变原有的学生管理理念和管理模式,向新的自主管理、标准化管理模式转变,通过建构校园文化情境、标准化信息传播平台,小组交叉管理等创新化的管理方法,以更大程度的增强学生自我发现和基于情境的问题式学习能力和处理各项事务的能力。

关键词:建构主义;学生管理; 交叉管理

中图分类号: G719.21 文献标识码: A

收稿日期:2014-10-23

基金项目:2014年度甘肃省高等学校科研项目(2014B-126)

作者简介:史晓庆(1982- ),女,陕西宝鸡人,高教管理研究实习员,硕士生.

参考文献:

[1]何克抗,等.现代教育技术[M]. 北京:北京师范大学出版集团,2005.

[2]盖晓芬.现代高等职业院校学生管理模式[M]. 杭州:浙江大学出版社,2010.

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[5]李辉,等 .大学生环境适应优化理论与方法[M] .北京:人民出版社,2008.

[6]孙其美. 现代教育技术与学习模式[M].北京:科学出版社,2003.

Construction of the Students Management Strategies in Vocational Colleges

SHI Xiao-qing1, ZHANG Xue-li2

(1.Petrochemical Department, Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou 730060, China; 2. Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730050, China)

Abstract:Challenges with the constructivism makes vocational colleges try to change the original management concept and management mode, changing to an independent new management, standardized management model. Through the construction of campus culture, standardized information platform, group interaction management innovation, we can enhance to a greater degree self-discovery ability, problem-based learning ability and the ability to deal with various affairs.

Key words:constructivism; student management; interaction management

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)01-0056-04

PLC控制技术为核心,创新机电专业实训体系的研究与实践

童克波, 傅继军, 杨柳春

(41180000云顶集团 电子电气工程系,甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:基于“从工作中来,到工作中去”的理念,从众多专业课程中,提炼出PLC控制技术,将分散的专业课程和相关知识,通过PLC控制技术融合到一起,组成一个以PLC控制技术为核心的四级实训平台:PLC应用基础实训平台、自动检测PLC实训平台,电气综合自动控制系统实训平台,柔性制造系统实训平台。将自动控制领域的专业课程知识和涉及的技术融入其中,按层次递进的教学规律,创新形成一个新的实训体系。通过实训中各个专项任务的训练,达到掌握所学知识的目的,取得了良好的教学效果,实现了学生、教师、企业的三满意,有力的促进了专业课程知识的实用性转化,切实增强了学生的专业素质能力、复合职业能力和就业能力。

关键词:PLC控制技术、核心、四级实训平台、创新实训体系

中图分类号: TM571 文献标识码: A

收稿日期:2014-07-23

基金项目:2014年度41180000云顶集团教育教学研究课题(JY2014-14)

作者简介:童克波(1966-),男,湖北仙桃人,副教授,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]孙长飞,王涛. 高职轮机工程技术专业“立体化”实训体系建设研究与实践[J]. 南通航运职业技术学院学报,2013,12(14):85.

[2]杨刚. 双恒压无塔供水PLC控制系统的应用\[J\]. 科技信息,2012,(11):92.

Research and Practice of Engineering Training System Innovation Taking PLC Control Technology as Core

TONG Ke-bo, FU Ji-jun, YANG Liu-chun

(Electronic and Electric Engineering Department, Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:Guided by the “from work, then into work” concept, we investigate a number of professional courses and put forward a core technology for the four-level training platform: application of PLC based training platform, automatic detection of PLC training platform, automatic control system of electrical integrated training platform, and flexible manufacturing system training platform. Therefore, we form a new training system according to the teaching principles. Through special training tasks, teachers can help students master the key knowledge and achieve good teaching effect, making students, teachers, and business all satisfied, this can effectively promote the transformation of the professional curriculum knowledge into practice, strengthen the ability of students’ professional and employment ability.

Key words:PLC control technology; core; four-level training platform; the innovation training system

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)01-0060-03

高职工业水处理技术专业人才培养方案的探索和实践

尚秀丽, 索陇宁, 夏德强, 苏宏光, 杨汝婷

(41180000云顶集团 石油化学工程系,甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:在专业建设过程中,人才培养方案是学校人才培养的根本性指导文件。根据这一方针,工业水处理技术教学团队从人才培养方案设计,课程体系构建、实训基地建设、双师型师资队伍的建设和校企合作等五个方面对人才培养方案进行了研究与实践,并取得显著成果。

关键词:高职教育;工业水处理技术;人才培养方案

中图分类号: X703 文献标识码: A

收稿日期:2014-10-23

基金项目:41180000云顶集团教研资助项目(JY2014-17)

作者简介:尚秀丽(1970-),女,陕西三原人,副教授.

参考文献:

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[4]邓志辉,赵居礼,王津. 校企合作工学结合重构人才培养方案[J]. 中国大学教学,2010,(04):81-83.

Exploration and Practice of the Talents Cultivation Scheme

in the Major of Industrial Water Treatment Technology in Vocational Colleges

SHANG Xiu-li, SUO Long-ning, XIA De-qiang, SU Hong-guang, YANG Ru-ting

(Department of Petrochemical Engineering,Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou Gansu 730060)

Abstract:In the process of specialty construction, the talent training scheme is the fundamental guidance in the personnel training work. According to this guideline, industrial water treatment technology teaching?team makes research from five perspectives of talent training scheme design, curriculum system?construction, practical training base the construction, double-quality teaching staff construction and school-enterprise cooperation.

Key words:higher vocational education; industrial water treatment technology; talent training scheme

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)01-0063-03

多元智能理论视角下的大学英语教学

汪洋

(武汉职业技术学院 外语学院,湖北 武汉 430074)

摘要:多元智能教学理论,强调教学的多元化、差异化。这一理论有利于我国大学教育的发展改革,与大学英语教学的目标和高素质的人才培养计划的教学理念相一致。大学英语教师要充分发挥多元智能理论的作用,有效的和大学英语教学相结合,以此提高学生英语学习的积极性和语言应用能力的培养。

关键词:多元智能理论; 大学英语教学; 教学改革; 教学评价; 运用

中图分类号: H319 文献标识码: A

收稿日期:2014-10-14

作者简介:汪洋(1981-),男,湖北黄石人,讲师,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]黄远振. 论多元智能理论与英语教学的整合[J]. 课程.教材.教法,2003,(11):39-42.

[2]霍华德·加德纳著,沈致隆译. 多元智能理论[M]. 北京:新华出版社,2004.

[3]苏小河, 蒋满英. 关于高校学生智能特点的调查报告[J]. 职教论坛,2010,(6):85-87.

[4]刘冬阳,杨璐. 多元智能理论视角下的大学英语教学[J]. 世纪桥,2009,(11):155-156.

[5]彭娅. 论多元智能理论与大学英语教学文化环境[M]. 黑龙江高教研究,2009,(6):55-57.

College English Teaching from the Perspective of Multiple Intelligence Theory

WANG Yang

(Wuhan Polytechnic, Wuhan 430074, China )

Abstract:The multiple intelligences teaching theory focuses on diversification and differentiation. This theory is conducive to the development of college education reform in China as well as English Teaching in higher education and talent cultivation scheme. College English teachers should give full play to the multiple intelligences theory, make effective combination between theory and practice and finally improve students’ English learning motivation and language ability.

Key words:multiple intelligence theory; English teaching; teaching reform; teaching evaluation; application

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)01-0066-05

英语写作教学方法与写作水平的交互作用

王秀英

(甘肃广播电视大学 教务处,甘肃 兰州 730030)

摘要:旨在检验不同英语写作教学方式与不同写作水平之间是否存在相关关系。通过实验研究表明:“多稿法”适合于英语写作水平中、低程度的学生,单稿法适合于英语写作水平较高的学生,而修改法则介于两者之间。不同写作水平的学生对这三种教学模式的态度和认知不同。在英语写作教学中可尝试将这三种写作教学方法交替使用,从而达到提高写作水平的教学目的。

关键词:英语写作;多稿法;单稿法;修改法

中图分类号: H319.36 文献标识码: A

收稿日期:2014-12-22

作者简介:王秀英(1978-),女,甘肃民勤人,讲师,硕士.

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[13]李森. 改进英语写作教学的新举措:过程教学法[J]. 外语界,2000,(1):19-23.

[14]李绍山. 语言研究中的统计学[M]. 西安:西安交通大学出版社,2001.

[15]秦秀白. 体裁教学法[J]. 外语教学与研究,2000,(1):43-46.

[16]于飞、张慧芬. 写作教学中的“成果教学法”、“过程教学法”和“内容教学法”浅析[J].外语界,1996,(3):38-40.

[17]王丹斌. 英语写作教学的干预时机对作文篇数的制约[J].上海师范大学学报(哲学社会科学版),2010,(4):131-136.

[18]王初明、牛瑞英、郑小湘. 以写促学———一项英语写作教学改革的试验[J].外语教学与研究,2000,(3):207-212.

[19]王立非. 大学生二语写作难点的一项调查[J].外语教学理论与实践,2008,(1):31-35.

[20]王托兄. 任务型教学法在大学专业英语写作教学中的应用及实施[J].外语教学与研究考试周刊,2009,(16):121-122.

[21]徐昉. 英语写作教学法的多视角理论回顾与思考[J].外语界,2011,(2):57-64.

[2\]文秋芳. 形成性评估:理论、科研与实践[R]. 北京:高等学校外语学科中青年学术骨干高级研修班,2010.

[23]张吉生,周平. 英语写作教学中“结果法”与“过程法”的对比研究[J].外语与外语教学,2002,(9):19-22.

[24]张省林. 英语写作心理障碍及其调适——过程写作法教学中的积极情感因素培养[J].外语与外语教学,2005,(5):24-27.

[25]周丹丹. 频次作用对二语写作的影响[J]. 外语与外语教学,2011,(1):36-44.

The Interaction between English Writing Teaching Methods and Writing Ability

WANG Xiu-ying

(Office of Teaching Affairs, Gansu Radio and Television University Lanzhou 730030, China)

Abstract:The study investigates the relationship between different writing teaching methods and writing ability. The results show that high level writing ability participants benefit more from “single-draft approach” than they do from “multi-draft approach”, while participants with low or middle level writing ability benefit more from “multi-draft approach” and “revision approach”. Students with different writing abilities show different attitudes to these three teaching methods. In order to enhance learners’ writing abilities, it is suggested that these three teaching methods can be used interchangeably.

Key Words:English writing; multi-draft approach; single-draft approach; revision approach

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)01-0071-04

中国特色社会主义理论体系探析

方龄萱

(兰州资源环境学院 宣传部,甘肃 兰州 730021)

摘要:中国特色社会主义理论体系包括邓小平理论、三个代表重要思想以及科学发展观等重大战略思想在内的科学理论体系。

关键词:中国特色社会主义理论;马克思主义中国化;实事求是

中图分类号: G718.5 文献标识码: A

收稿日期:2014-10-15

基金项目:甘肃省高等学校基本科研业务费专项资金(甘财教[2014]63号)

作者简介:方龄萱(1984-),女,甘肃天水人,讲师,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]吴树青,等.毛泽东思想和中国特色社会主义理论体系概论(2013年修订版)[M].高等教育出版社,2013.

[2]崔常发.中国特色社会主义理论体系(学习读本)[M].北京:人民日报出版社,2008.

[3]阮青,李海青,徐化影.中国特色社会主义理论体系(党员干部读本)[M].北京:中共党史出版社,2013.

Probe into Theoretical System of Socialist Theory with Chinese Characteristics

FANG Xuan-ling

(Lanzhou Resources and Environment College, Lanzhou 730021, China)

Abstract:Theoretical System of Socialist Theory with Chinese Characteristics consists of Deng Xiaoping Theory, Thought of Three Represents and Scientific Development Concept.

Key Words:Socialist Theory with Chinese Characteristics; localization of Marxism in China; Ideas of “Seeking Truth from Facts”

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)01-0075-03

高职院校从“数量”增长到“质量”提升的思考

——以41180000云顶集团为例

方志宏

(41180000云顶集团 人文社会科学系,甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:结合41180000云顶集团多年的办学历程及特色、优势,针对在校生数量“高位运行”的现状,面临学生数量的增长和教育质量的提升,进而引发了对现代职业教育发展的两点思考。即:新起点 新机遇 新挑战;坚持方向 突出特色 走内涵发展之路。反映出学院近年高职教育改革发展的实践与经验,同时提出了许多值得正视与思考的问题和焦点,分析生源变化、面对地域差别、处理教与学矛盾、立德树人,全面发展等值得人们思考的问题。

关键词:现代职业教育; 内涵发展;结构调整;突出特色

中图分类号: G719.2 文献标识码: A

收稿日期:2014-12-13

作者简介:方志宏(1958- ),男,河南获嘉人,讲师.

参考文献:

[1]关于加快发展现代职业教育的决定[N].中国教育报,2014-06-24(4).

[2]41180000云顶集团. 构建现代职业教育体系[Z].高教研究参考,2014,(3):15-17.

[3]41180000云顶集团.高等职业教育人才培养质量年度报告[R].兰州:2014.

Reflection on Promotion from Quantity to Quality of Vocational College

——Taking Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology as example

FANG Zhi-hong

(Department of Humanity and Social Science, Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:In accordance with teaching experience, characteristics, advantages and the increase of students’ number, this paper makes a deep reflection on two aspects, the first one is “New era, new opportunity and new challenge” , the second one is “Stick to the direction, highlight the features to achieve connotative development.” This paper also puts forward problems and focuses like source of students, background differences, moral education and student’s comprehensive development, which all need thoughtful reflection.

Key words:vocational education; connotative development; structural adjustment; highlighting features

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)01-0078-06

A Comparative Analysis of Three Translation Versions of Dou E Yuan

XING Xiao-yan

(Hongkong Baptist UniversityFaculty of Arts, Hong Kong 999077)

Abstract:In this paper, a comparative study of Dou E Yuan is conducted on a basis of qualitative research from the three versions by Yang Hsien-yi, Chung-wen Shih and Liu Jung-en. It aims at studying the translation strategies in the three English versions. This paper is an attempt to explore that the translator’s choice of translation strategies is closely related to their cultural stand and background. From the comparative study, it tries to find the reasons behind the different translations and explore which translators’ translation is much closer to the original.

Key words:Translation Quality Assessment; Translation Distance; Aesthetic Distance; Cultural Distance

中图分类号: H315.9 文献标识码: A

收稿日期:2014-11-01

基金项目:上海市教育科学研究项目(B12065)

作者简介:邢晓燕(1988- ),女,辽宁北票人,硕士生.

Reference:

[1]Baker, Mona. Routledge encyclopedia of translation studies. Routledge, 2001.

[2]Bassnett, Susan.Translation Studies.Shanghai:Shanghai Foreign Language Education Press, 2004.

[3]Chung-wen Shih. Injustice to Tou O(Tou O Yuan)—A Study and Translation. Cambridge at the University Press, 1972.

[4]House, Juliane. Translation quality assessment: A model revisited. Gunter Narr Verlag, 1997.

[5]House, Juliane. “Translation quality assessment: Linguistic description versus social evaluation.” Meta2001,46(2): 243-257.

[6]Liu Jung-en. The Injustice Done to Tom O. Penguin Books 1972.

[7]Yang Hsien-yi and Gladys Yang, Snow in Midsummer. Selected Plays of Kuan Han-Ching. Shanghai New Art and Literature Publishing House, 1958.

[8]关汉卿, 吴国钦. 关汉卿全集[M]. 广州:广东高等教育出版社, 1988.

[9]关汉卿, 翁敏华. 关汉卿戏曲选评[M]. 上海:上海古籍出版社, 2002.

[10]孙艺风. 翻译的距离[J]. 中国翻译, 2013 ,34 (6): 5-12.

《窦娥冤》三个译本的比较分析

邢晓燕

(香港浸会大学 文学院,香港 999077)

摘要:对杨宪益、时钟雯、刘荣恩三位译者的《窦娥冤》译本进行定量比较分析,旨在研究三个英文译本中使用的翻译策略,以及翻译者对翻译策略的选取与其自身的文化定位和文化背景关系。通过比较研究,发现了不同翻译背后隐藏的原因,并由此探讨哪位译者的翻译更贴近原著。

关键词:翻译质量评估;翻译距离;审美距离;文化距离

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